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Reflection allows one to think back on what has happened to see what kind of lessons have been learned. It allows us to evaluate our perceptions prior to, during, and after the event. The ITMA program has provided numerous opportunities for reflection. This has been a valuable process because it has allowed me to put things in perspective as I have grown both professionally and academically.

Emphasis on reflections in the ITMA program has caused me to contemplate how I can utilize this tool in my professional practice. As such, whenever possible, when I design or develop an instructional solution, I try to think of ways to build reflection into the experience. I think this allows the learners to take a step back from the instructional situation and evaluate how they thought about things beforehand, what impact the instruction has had, and what they may do differently as a result. I generally do this somewhat informally as an exercise in which the learners respond individually in a workbook, handout, or as part of an online activity near the end of the lesson.

The following content demonstrates my competencies in the area of reflection.

Plan for Revision - Portfolio (Portfolio Evaluation course)
In this document, I include a summary of the feedback received in the form of peer- and self-evaluations of my portfolio. I summarize the feedback in terms of strengths and opportunities. In the last column, I describe the actions I plan to take (in bolded text) and, in some cases, responses to the feedback (in regular text).

Preliminary View of Instructional Technology (Intro to Instructional Technology course)
This document captured my view of Instructional Technology at the beginning of the ITMA program. Included are my views of the terms instruction, technology, learning, media, design, and instructional technology. I include this document here in order to contrast it with my view of instructional technology after the ITMA program, which is provided below.

View of Instructional Technology (Instructional Technology in Context course)
In this document, I reflect back on my views of Instructional Technology, how they have changed over the course ot the ITMA program, and what that means in my professional context. I include this document here in order to contrast it with my previous views of instructional technology, as well as to provide a sample of my reflections.

My Personal Philosophy
This document briefly summarizes my philosophy on learning and instruction. I include this document here because it provides additional evidence of reflecting on how I learn and how I can use that to reach my learners as an instructional technologist.

View of Technology (Instructional Technology in Context course)
In this document, I reflect on my view of technology prior to the ITMA program and how it has changed as a result of the program. I then discuss technology within my professional context and I evaluate my definition of technology against the ways technology can be used in my professional context to ensure consistency.

Reflection Paper - Applied ID Project (Project & Report course)
As one of the last components of the Project & Report module, I wrote a narrative in which I reflect back on three key areas in which I grew as a result of my experiences with the project. I begin by describing what I expected to learn from the project. Then I discuss some of my experiences, what I think they mean and what I learned from them, and how that impacts my future endeavors.

Reflection Paper - Digital Audio (Digital Audio course)
In this document, I reflect on my knowledge of the use of audio at the beginning of the Digital Audio course. I then explain my understanding of the course objective and how it should be applied. I conclude with a discussion of the main realization that audio, just as with any other media, is not a magic solution to an instructional problem in and of itself. In fact, audio should not be used just for its own sake, but rather as a deliberate part of an instructional strategy that makes sense for the learners, subject matter, learning environment, etc.

My Professional Needs (Instructional Technology in Context course)
This document provides a job analysis in which I break down my job into categories and sub-categories to establish a comprehensive list of my professional needs.

Review of Technology (Instructional Technology in Context course)
In this document, I reflect on a specific way that I've used technology to produce a predetermined output. The paper discusses the processes used to produce the output, inputs and resources used, body of knowledge required, context, and a specific technology that I used to produce the output. This activity allowed me to put my view of technology into perspective by thinking through a time I've used technology to solve a problem.

Reflection on Learning Theories (Learning Theories course)
This document provides my perspective on learning at the beginning of the Learning Theories course in black text, along with thoughts after the course in red text. I then reflect on how my views have changed as a result of the research and activities performed in the course. I essentially moved from a primarily behaviorist view of learning to somewhat of a hybrid of constructivism and behaviorism.

Applying Instructional Technology to my Professional Context(Instructional Technology in Context course)
In this document, I describe the context required to meet my Instructional Technology needs, as well as specific technologies that can be used to meet those needs. This not only includes current technologies and approaches, but also thoughts about some "outside the box" technologies that would help meet these needs.

My Previous Approach to Instruction (Instructional Technology in Context course)
This document provides reflections on how I approached instruction prior to my experiences in the ITMA program. I discuss how I approached each of the components, clearly reflecting an incomplete view of how people learn and what I can do to enhance their experiences. I also discuss problems that I encountered as well as ways that I would attempt to solve those problems.

My Current Approach to Instruction (Instructional Technology in Context course)
It was a rewarding opportunity to think about how I've grown over the course of the ITMA program, especially in terms of how I approach instruction. In this document, I reflect on how I view and approach instruction in light of my professional and academic experiences. I also compare my current approach with my previous approach, discuss problems that I currently encounter, and explain how ITMA and professional experiences have equipped me with greater knowledge and tools to solve those problems.

My Approach and a Non-IT Approach - Reflections on my ITMA Experience (Instructional Technology in Context course)
In this document, I reflect on the impact the ITMA program has had on my life, personally, professionally, and academically. I describe ITMA as fulfillment of a personal dream of going to school at Virginia Tech and attaining a master's degree. Most importantly, the document explains how I've changed as a result of the program and what impact that will have on my future.

Kilbane, C. R., & Milman, N. B. (2003). The digital teaching portfolio handbook: A how-to guide for educators. New York: Pearson Education, Inc.